Abnormal Pap smears are often a result of infection with HPV, or Human Papilloma Virus. There are many different types of HPV. Some of these types are considered "high risk," which may go on to cause cervical cancer if left untreated. If you have been diagnosed with an abnormal Pap smear, your doctor may perform a colposcopy. Your doctor will look through a special magnifying scope to view your cervix. He or she may need to take a small biopsy depending on what is seen. LEEP is the procedure you will have if your doctor determines the need for treatment of the abnormal Pap smear. This involves removing a small portion of the cervix. This may be done in the office under local anesthesia. Not all abnormalities require treatment.